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Nephritic Syndrome. What Is It?

Nephritic Syndrome


Nephritic syndrome is condition characterized by disorders that cause swelling or inflammation to occur in the kidney. More specifically, these disorders cause internal kidney structures such as the glomeruli to be inflamed.

This condition is a type of glomerulonephritis and is generally caused by an immune response that occurs because of some type of infection or from another type of disease.

There are many possible causes for this condition. In children and young adults, conditions such as hemolytic uremic syndrome, IgA nephropathy, Henoch Scholein purpura and post streptococcal glomerulonephritis can cause the condition.

In adults, the causes may include conditions such as abdominal abscesses, goodpasture syndrome, hepatitis, syphilis, vasculitis, some types of viral diseases such as measles and mumps and Klebsiella pneumonia. This isn’t an exhaustive list.

When there’s a cause like those listed above, this causes an inflammation within the kidney, which prohibits the glomerulus from working properly. The glomerulus is the portion of the kidney that works as a filter to screen the blood for waste products.

When the kidneys can’t flush these toxins properly, this leads to blood and protein presence in urine. This often leads to a buildup of fluid in the body as well.

Conditions Leading to Nephritis
There are some conditions that are commonly associated with the development of this syndrome. This includes high blood pressure, acute kidney failure and swelling that occurs in between the cells of the kidney itself.

Symptoms Of The Syndrome
The symptoms of this condition range widely. However, some of the most common include:

  • Swelling or edema
  • Reduced or no urine production
  • Blood in the urine
  • A feeling of being ill
  • Blurred vision
  • Pain in the joints and muscles
  • Drowsiness, confusion, inability to stay alert
  • Headaches
  • Lethargic movement

In addition to this, some patients do develop kidney failure. If the condition progresses, individuals may develop end stage kidney disease.

Treatment Options
Those facing nephritic syndrome do have some treatment options. Treatment aims to reduce the inflammation within the kidney. Antibiotics and other medications may be used to do so. Doctors will often recommend a set of diet restrictions, including reduction in salt, potassium and fluids in the diet.

Controlling blood pressure may also be the case. When you get help for kidney disease, your doctor may be able to avoid the progression of the condition.


Written by Patrick Ireland

About Patrick Ireland

My name is Patrick Ireland, living in the Philippines with my wife and two daughters. I have been studying the web for over a decade. Now that I am 60 years old, I am starting to apply some of the knowledge that I have gained. "Learn from yesterday, live for today, hope for tomorrow. The important thing is to never stop questioning." -Einstein.

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