Nephritic syndrome is condition characterized by disorders that cause swelling or inflammation to occur in the kidney. More specifically, these disorders cause internal kidney structures such as the glomeruli to be inflamed.
This condition is a type of glomerulonephritis and is generally caused by an immune response that occurs because of some type of infection or from another type of disease.
There are many possible causes for this condition. In children and young adults, conditions such as hemolytic uremic syndrome, IgA nephropathy, Henoch Scholein purpura and post streptococcal glomerulonephritis can cause the condition.
In adults, the causes may include conditions such as abdominal abscesses, goodpasture syndrome, hepatitis, syphilis, vasculitis, some types of viral diseases such as measles and mumps and Klebsiella pneumonia. This isn’t an exhaustive list.
When there’s a cause like those listed above, this causes an inflammation within the kidney, which prohibits the glomerulus from working properly. The glomerulus is the portion of the kidney that works as a filter to screen the blood for waste products.
When the kidneys can’t flush these toxins properly, this leads to blood and protein presence in urine. This often leads to a buildup of fluid in the body as well.
- Swelling or edema
- Reduced or no urine production
- Blood in the urine
- A feeling of being ill
- Blurred vision
- Pain in the joints and muscles
- Drowsiness, confusion, inability to stay alert
- Lethargic movement
In addition to this, some patients do develop kidney failure. If the condition progresses, individuals may develop end stage kidney disease.
Controlling blood pressure may also be the case. When you get help for kidney disease, your doctor may be able to avoid the progression of the condition.
Written by Patrick Ireland